Tuesday, 15 February 2022 00:00

How to Deal With Achilles Heel Pain

When your Achilles tendon, which connects the calf muscles to the heel bone, is overused, the area may become inflamed. This is a condition known as insertional Achilles tendonitis. In active adults, it is often caused by repetitive use through running or jumping. Symptoms include a sharp pain in the back of the heel, or in some cases, a dull ache. The area will be tender to the touch, and redness and swelling often develops. The first thing you can do is to rest the foot and apply ice to reduce pain and swelling. Try not to rub or poke the area. Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medication, which can be prescribed by a podiatrist, may help to reduce the inflammation. Once inflammation in the area has diminished there are a number of exercises you can do to strengthen the calf muscles. This will be key to keep from developing chronic tendonitis of the tendon. It is a good idea to visit a podiatrist for a full diagnosis, treatment options, and a list of exercises you can do.

Achilles tendon injuries need immediate attention to avoid future complications. If you have any concerns, contact Tanisha Richmond, DPM of Richmond Foot & Ankle, LLC. Our doctor can provide the care you need to keep you pain-free and on your feet.

What Is the Achilles Tendon?

The Achilles tendon is a tendon that connects the lower leg muscles and calf to the heel of the foot. It is the strongest tendon in the human body and is essential for making movement possible. Because this tendon is such an integral part of the body, any injuries to it can create immense difficulties and should immediately be presented to a doctor.

What Are the Symptoms of an Achilles Tendon Injury?

There are various types of injuries that can affect the Achilles tendon. The two most common injuries are Achilles tendinitis and ruptures of the tendon.

Achilles Tendinitis Symptoms

  • Inflammation
  • Dull to severe pain
  • Increased blood flow to the tendon
  • Thickening of the tendon

Rupture Symptoms

  • Extreme pain and swelling in the foot
  • Total immobility

Treatment and Prevention

Achilles tendon injuries are diagnosed by a thorough physical evaluation, which can include an MRI. Treatment involves rest, physical therapy, and in some cases, surgery. However, various preventative measures can be taken to avoid these injuries, such as:

  • Thorough stretching of the tendon before and after exercise
  • Strengthening exercises like calf raises, squats, leg curls, leg extensions, leg raises, lunges, and leg presses

If you have any questions please feel free to contact our office located in Dayton, OH . We offer the newest diagnostic tools and technology to treat your foot and ankle needs.

Read more about Achilles Tendon Injuries

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